The avifauna of the Parc des Beaumonts : list of species identified

All the versions of this article: [English] [français]

, by ROUSSET Pierre, THORNS David

The key to the various columns, along with an explanation of the abbreviations used, may be found at the end of the list.
Several modifications to the list were made on March 28th 2007. These concern principally data relating to breeding species along with various new explanatory notes. Several new species for the park have been added since then. The list is under constant revision and is here to be added to !

Last update: November 15, 2012 (addition of Little Egret, after Goosander). Attention: latin names have to be updated and status should also be reviewed, but it has not yet been possible.

 Birdlist : species

English name Latin name I II III
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusMVR
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboMVP
Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxMVR
Little EgretEgretta garzettaMVR
Great EgretCasmerodius albusMVR
Grey HeronArdea cinereaM SNeI
Purple HeronArdea purpureaMVR
White StorkCiconia ciconiaMVR
Black StorkCiconia negraMVR
Greylag GooseAnser anserMVP
Canada GooseBranta canadensisFVP
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaF.P
Bar-headed GooseAnser indicusFVR
Eurasian TealAnas creccaHVR
MallardAnas platyrhynchosM S.I
PintailAnas acutaHVR
GarganeyAnas querquedulaMVR
ShovelerAnas clypeataMVR
Mandarin DuckAix gareliculataF.O
GoosanderMergus merganserMVR
Honey BuzzardPernis apivorusM.P
Black KiteMilvus migransMVR
Red KiteMilvus milvusMVR
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicusMVR
Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosusM.P
Hen HarrierCircus cyaenusMVR
Montagu’s HarrierCircus pygargusMVR
Common BuzzardButeo buteoM.P
GoshawkAccipiter gentilisMVR
SparrowhawkAccipiter nisusS H MNC
OspreyPandion haliaetusMVR
KestrelFalco tinnunculusM SNeC
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusM.R
MerlinFalco columbariusM.R
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusM.R
HobbyFalco subbuteoM.R
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaC.R
QuailCoturnix coturnixM.R
PheasantPhasianus colchidusF.O
Water RailRallus aquatusM.R
MoorhenGallinula choropusSNC
CraneGrus grusMVR
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusM.R
Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaMVR
DotterelCharadius morinellusMVR
Golden PloverPluvialis apricariaMVR
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaMVR
LapwingVanellus vanellusMVR
DunlinCalidris alpinaMVR
SnipeGallinago gallinagoM.R
WoodcockScolopax rusticolaM.P
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaMVR
CurlewNumenius arquataMVR
Common RedshankTringa totanusMVR
GreenshankTringa nebulariaM.R
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusM.R
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosM.R
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalusM EVR
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusM H S.C
Common GullLarus canusM HVP
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusM HVP
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusM HVR
Herring GullLarus argentatusM H.C
Yellow-legged GullLarus michaghellisM EVP
Common TernSterna hirundoM EVR
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)Columba liviaSNeA
Stock DoveColumba oenasM S.P
Wood PigeonColumba palumbusM SNA
Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoSNeC
Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturM.R
BudgerigarMelopsittacus undulatusC.O
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriF.R
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusC.O
CockatielNymphicus hollandicusC.O
Grey ParrotPsittacus erithacusC.O
Rosy-faced LovebirdAgapornis roseicollisC.O
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusC.O
CuckooCuculus canorusM.R
Barn Ow *lTyto alba..R
Little OwlAthene noctuaD..
Tawny Owl *Strix alucoS(1)I
Short-eared OwlAsia flameusM.R
Long-eared OwlAsia otusM H.R
SwiftApus apusM ENEA
KingfisherAlcedo atthisM H.I P
Bee-eaterMerops apiasterMVR
HoopoeUpupa eposM.R
WryneckJynx torquillaM.R
Black Woodpecker *Dryocopus martiusS(2)R
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisSNC
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos majorSNC
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos mediusH.R
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minorS.C
Crested LarkGalerida cristataMNR
Wood LarkLullula arboreaM.P
Sky LarkAlauda arvensisMNxC
Sand MartinRiparia ripariaM.R
SwallowHirundo rusticaM ENeC
Red-rumped Swallow *Hirundo dauricaM.R
House Martin *Delichon urbicumM ENexA
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisM.R
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisM.P
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisM HNxC
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaM.R
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaM.P
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereaM.P
White WagtailMotacilla albaM.C
WaxwingBombycilla garrulusM.R
WrenTroglodytes troglodytesSNA
DunnockPrunella modularisSNA
RobinErithacus rubeculaSNA
NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosM ENiP
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaM.R
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosM ENeA
RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurusM ENiP
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraM.P
StonechatSaxicola torquataM EINiC
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheM.P
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusM.P
BlackbirdTurdus merulaSNA
FieldfareTurdus pilarisM H.P I
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosM S HNA
RedwingTurdus iliacusM HI.C
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusM SNC
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidisM.R
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaM.R
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusM.R
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisMNi?R
Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirparceusM ENPP
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaM ENPC
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataH.R
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaM ENRP
WhitethroatSylvia communisM ENPC
Garden WarblerSylvia borinM ENPC
BlackcapSylvia atricapillaM E HRNA
Bonelli’s WarblerPhylloscopus bonelliM.R
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixM.R
ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaM E HR.A
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusM ENPC
GoldcrestRegulus regulusMNiC
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillusMNiC
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataM ENR?P
Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaM.C
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatusH SNC
Marsh TitPoecile palustrisSNi?P
Crested TitLophophanes cristatusH.R
Coal TitPeriparus aterH.R
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleusSNA
Great TitParus majorSNA
Nuthatch *Sitta europaeaSNi?P
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactylaSNC
Penduline TitRemiz pendulinusM.R
Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusM.R
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusC.O
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioM.R
JayGarrulus glandariusoM SNC
MagpiePica picaSNA
JackdawCorvus monedulaM S.P
RookCorvus frugilegusM.P
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneSNA
Red-billed QueleaQuelea queleaC.O
StarlingSturnus vulgarisM SNA
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisC.0
Purple Glossy-starlingLamprotornis purpureusC.O
Queen WhydahVidua regiaC.O
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia (Poephila) guttataC.O
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaC.O
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesC.O
Red MuniaAmandava amandavaC.O
House SparrowPasser domesticusSNC
Tree Sparrow *Passer montanusS HIN (5)P
ChaffinchFringilla coelebsM SNA
BramblingFringilla montifringillaM HI.P
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesM HI.P
SerinSerinus serinusM E HINC
Common CanarySerinus canariaC.O
Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusC.O
GreenfinchCarduelis chlorisSNA
GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisM SNC
SiskinCarduelis spinusM HI.C
LinnetCarduelis cannabinaM ENIC
Common RedpollCarduelis flammeaM.R
CrossbillLoxia curvorostraM.R
BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaM EP HNiC
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaM H.R
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusS HINC
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaM.R
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusM HI.C
Corn BuntingMiliaria calandraM.R


English name Latin name Status (Beamonts) Season
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Blue-headed WagtailM. f. flavaRegularMigration
Grey-headed WagtailM. f. thunbergiRareMigration
Yellow WagtailM. f. flavissimaRareMigration
White WagtailMotacilla alba
White WagtailMotacilla alba albaRegularMigration
Pied WagtailMotacilla alba yarrelliiRareMigration
ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
ChiffchaffP. c. collybitaAbundantM, E, Hiv. rare
“Siberian” Chiffchaff *P. c. fulvescens/tristisRareMigration
Common RedpollCarduelis flammea
Lesser RedpollC. flammea cabaretRegularMigration
(Common) RedpollC. flammea flammeaRareMigration

The figures :

Total recorded : 190

Extinct species : 1

Total excluding extinct species : 189

Of which are single fly-over observations : 38

Breeding species : 31 - 41 species (+ 6 species breeding in the immediate vicinity )

Rare sub-species : 5

Notes and precisions :

Barn Owl: it was considered extinct, but has been found again perched in the Savana in October 2008.

Tawny Owl: a regular breeding species in the nearby Bois de Vincennes and in other areas of Montreuil. It has become very irregular at Beaumonts.

Black Woodpecker: breeds in the Bois de Vincennes but is very infrequently observed at Beaumonts.

Red-rumped Swallow: Seen April 25th, 2008. It seems to be the first record for Ile-de-France!

House Martin: sadly no longer breeds in the immediate surroundings of the park, ever since the destruction of old buildings nearby which were a traditional nesting site for the species.

Nuthatch: has apparently undergone a marked decline in recent years – infrequently observed inside the park.

Tree Sparrow: one or two pairs would appear to breed regularly in the area, either inside the park ( this has been confirmed in previous years ) , or in the immediate surrounding areas near the cemetary.

“Siberian” Chifchaff: P. c. fluvescens or tristis? — the identification of this bird, found in the park on 17th February 2007, is currently under debate. Like many of the other sub-species mentioned it concerns a species which has national as well as local significance. The identification to sub-species level is complicated by the apparent intergrades (fulvescens) between the Scandinavian sub-species (abietinus) and the far-eastern ( ‘Siberian’ ) sub-species (tristis).

 Explanation of the Birdlist

This list comprises all the bird species positively identified in the Parc des Beaumonts, as far as is known to the author. It also gives, in abbreviated and very simplified form, a key to the status of each species. Several status classifications might apply to the same species – population movements within a single species means that some can be resident, migrants and winter visitors all at once! More thorough explantions of species status may be found in the annual reports and in other articles and documents that will be progressively posted on the website.

The English name of the species is given first, followed by the Latin name. The status of the species is then indicated in the three columns that follow. A species status may be subject to change, depending on observation data made by, or given to, the author.

Resident or summer visitors generally breed within the park. Certain species, however, such as black redstart or collared dove, breed in the immediate surroundings whilst others, such as grey heron, nest a little further afield. A list of identifiable sub-species seen within the park is also provided.

I have attempted to adapt the terms used in the key to accomodate the special circumstances of a site such as the Parc des Beaumonts ;– any comments as to the chosen terms, or about the status of any species indicated, are welcome.

The letters used in the columns were chosen for the words they refer to in French. For convenience we have left them unchanged for the English version of the list, even though this makes their meaning rather less obvious! .

All columns

I: Irregular.

P: In small numbers.

R: Rare.

?: Not confirmed.

Column I - status

C : « Captivity » :- birds escaped from captive conditions ( records particularly marked at the beginning of holiday periods ).

D : « ‘Disappeared’ or ‘Extinct’ » :- recent disappearance from the park ( still present during the years 1970-1980).

E : « Summer Visitor » :- migratory species recorded in spring and summer, whether breeding within the park ( the vast majority ) or not.

F : « Feral » :- this term denotes a species which has been released, or has escaped, from captivity but which has since bred successfully in the wild and managed to form populations which are capable of maintaining themselves without any artificial man-made assistance. It is used here in a very general sense. It designates an ‘exotic’ species which breeds, or is capable of breeding, in the wild. Any individual observed might therefore have come from captivity, or might have been born and reared in the wild.

H : « Winter visitor » :- migratory species recorded in autumn and winter.

M : « Migrant » :- recorded on migration in spring and autumn, or otherwise during abnormal movements of the species. The terms ‘spring’ and ‘autumn’ in this context are used a little more loosely than in current
useage - ‘spring’ for certain species may commence as early as mid-February, whereas ‘autumn’ can commence as early as July.

S : « Resident » :- species present throught the year ( the local breeding population can be partly replaced/ increased by the presence of newly arrived migrants and/or winter visitors.

Column II - Supplementary status information

V : species which have only ever been observed flying over the park, and which show no particular affinity towards the site. These species are not to be confused with other species habitually noted only in flight, such as the hobby, which hunt for prey over and around the park.

N : breeds at the site.

Ne : nests in the immediate surroundings.

Ni: irregular or rare breeding.

Nx : nested during the 1990s, but no longer a breeding species. Unless climate and/or habitat conditions change, this situation is unlikely to change.

Column III - Abundancy

This column evaluates the relative abundancy of each species within the park.

A : « Abundant » :- almost certainly recorded in small or large numbers on every visit.

C : « Common » :- not numerous in the park, but nevertheless recorded on almost every visit, ( eg : kestrel ).

I : « Irregular » :- seen infrequently within the park considering its overall status, ( eg : fieldfare ).

O : « Occasional » :- this term is used specifically with reference to escaped cage-birds – they are by definition ‘rare’ , but their unusual occurance is not a result of natural migratory movements within the species.

P : « Uncommon » :- species usually recorded less than 10 times each year, and in very small numbers ( eg : woodlark ).

R : « Rare » :- a species not seen with any regularity, and only recorded between 1-5 times every 10 years ( eg : red-footed falcon ).